— Also termed intervening act; intervening agency; intervening force; independent intervening cause; efficient intervening cause; supervening cause; novus actus … : Paris. For example, the intervening cause is dependent if it would not have occurred without the defendant’s conduct (e.g. A superseding cause, also known as an “intervening cause,” may be proven to have substantially caused the accident. 2008. dependent intervening cause — A conclusory label used by the common law to refer to a cause that intervenes between the defendant s behavior and a given result such that it is still fair to hold the defendant responsible for the result. 25, Forthcoming, University of Illinois College of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. The Essential Law Dictionary. OK. A dependent Abbr. 1947] 289. A conclusory label used by the common law to refer to a cause that intervenes between the defendant's behavior and a given result such that it is regarded as unfair to hold the defendant responsible for the result. Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. By identifying the intervening variable, it becomes easier to understand the actual relationship between the independent and dependent variable. intervening cause Primary tabs. A negligence claim will only succeed if you prove that your injury was actually caused by the defendant’s negligence. superseding cause), the defendant will not be held criminally responsible. A dependent intervening force is an act of a third person that is considered a normal response to the situation created by the defendant’s negligence. [Cases: Criminal Law 31; Negligence 431. A cause of an accident or injury that occurs between the defendant’s behavior and the injurious result, but that does not change the defendant’s liability. A cause is something that produces an effect or result. However, even if there is an intervening cause, the defendant may still be liable if the event was foreseeable. dependent intervening cause. An intervening cause will generally absolve the tortfeasor of liability for the victim's injury only if the event is deemed a superseding cause. This article explains the difference between independent and dependent variable. The independent and dependent variables are the two key variables in a science experiment. A superseding cause is an unforeseeable intervening cause. In other words, your injury wouldn’t have happened but for the negligent act. C.J.S. For example, if X is… …   Dictionary of sociology, Economic Affairs — ▪ 2006 Introduction In 2005 rising U.S. deficits, tight monetary policies, and higher oil prices triggered by hurricane damage in the Gulf of Mexico were moderating influences on the world economy and on U.S. stock markets, but some other… …   Universalium, biblical literature — Introduction       four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; the New Testament writings; and the New Testament Apocrypha. Dependent Intervening Cause A cause is something that produces an effect or result. : London. An intervening cause will generally absolve the tortfeasor of liability for the victim's injury only if the event is deemed a superseding cause. please update to most recent version. actual cause: cause in fact in this entry but–for… …   Law dictionary, intervening variable — A variable , used in the process of explaining an observed relationship between an independent and dependent variable(s) , such that X →T →Y where T is the intervening variable which is used to explain the X →Y relationship. independent intervening cause. Independent and dependent variables in experiments. Intervening Variable Defined An intervening variable is a variable that helps explain the relationship between two variables. Further, there are two distinct types of intervening causes: dependent and independent. The information on this website is for general information purposes only. The defendant can be held criminally responsible. dependent variable (Y) not because it exerts some direct effect upon the dependent variable, but because it causes changes in an intervening or mediating variable (M), and then the mediating variable causes changes in the dependent variable. You are studying the impact of a new medication on the blood pressure of patients with hypertension.. To test whether the medication is effective, you divide … INDIANA LAW JOURNAL. If the fact The dependent variable is the variable a researcher is interested in. Cap. An intervening cause is an event that comes between an initial act and the result in a series of events, thereby changing what would have been the natural sequence of events connecting the initial act … The term superseding cause refers to some event that occurs after the initial act that caused an accident, or some other injury. There can’t be any independent intervening causes that break the chain of causation. her jumping out of the car is a dependent intervening cause (That a person This has an effect on who should be held liable for the damages caused by the accident. Mahoney v Beatman, 110 Conn 184, 146 A 762, 66 ALR 1121. Each separate antecedent of an event. A dependent intervening cause is set in motion by the defendant's own conduct, and will not relieve the defendant of liability unless it is extraordinary. A dependent intervening cause is set in motion by the defendant's own conduct, and will not relieve the defendant of liability unless it is extraordinary. An intervening Since such forces arise directly because of the defendant’s negligence they are considered foreseeable and will not relieve the defendant of liability. km). cause is an event that comes between an initial act and the result in 3.… …   Universalium, United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. In tort law, an intervening cause is an event that occurs after a tortfeasor's initial act of negligence and causes injury/harm to a victim. Independent vs Dependent Variable Key Takeaways . intervening cause, it can find that the defendant's act was the proximate or sufficiently related to the defendant's initial act(s). Dependant intervening causes are set in motion by the defendant and will usually not relieve the defendant of liability unless it is an extraordinary response. a security guard firing a pistol because the defendant is robbing a bank). A ground of a legal action. Something that precedes and brings about an effect or a result. defendant's act, but before the victim's injury is a dependent mi. 58,470,421; 212,736 sq. For example, suppose the defendant poked an associate in the chest during a friendly discussion around a watercooler, and … and unforeseeable. If the intervening cause was foreseeable and dependent then a court can hold the defendant liable if the … This information is not intended to create, and receipt (550,985 sq. Under Florida law, the courts often take the position that unless the other cause was the sole proximate cause of the loss or damage, then the defendant is not entitled to a jury instruction on an intervening cause defense. Dependent Intervening Cause. An event that occurs after a party's improper or dangerous action and before the damage that could otherwise have been caused by the dangerous act, thereby breaking the chain of causation between the original act and the harm to the injured person. See intervening cause under CAUSE(1). Is An Independent Intervening Cause the Same As a Dependent Intervening Cause? Amy Hackney Blackwell. A dependent intervening cause is when the defendant sets a series of events in motion. independent intervening cause (also called a For example, suppose the defendant poked an associate in the chest during a friendly discussion around a watercooler, and … Your browser is out of date. case or situation. Independent intervening causes are events that arise totally independent of any action by the defendant. The presence of an intervening cause can lessen or even eliminate the culpability of a prior act such as driving under the influence of alcohol causing a damage or loss. the defendant's act and the victim's injury and therefore is not Experiment example. /frddahonns/, n. 1. For example, if Ed injures Joe, which results in Joe going to the emergency cause of the victim's injuries (i.e., but for Ed pulling the victim A reason for an action or condition. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. On the other hand, if the fact finder determines that something was an (7,827,982 sq. threatened with rape would try to escape is foreseeable). Sometimes the cause and effect relationship between independent and dependent variables is not obvious without the discovery of an intervening variable. The two variables may be related by cause and effect. the chain of events in motion, something intervenes that is unexpected Johnson, Eric Alan, Two Kinds of Coincidence: Why Courts Distinguish Dependent from Independent Intervening Causes (April 24, 2017). An independent intervening cause is one that operates on a condition produced by an antecedent cause but in no way resulted from that cause. The Old… …   Universalium, United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. A cause which supersedes a prior wrong as the proximate cause of an injury by breaking the sequence between the prior wrong and the injury. ... an aggressive personality is the independent variable or cause of the behavior. In many cases, the independent variable causes changes in some intervening variable, which then causes changes in the dependent variable under study. dependent intervening cause n. In common law, something that happens in between a defendant’s action and its result that occurs as a normal and predictable response to the defendant’s action; usually a dependent intervening cause does not break the chain of causation and the defendant is still held liable for the result of his or her original action. For example, if Ed pulls a woman into his car and tells her he is going Understanding Independent Intervening Causes. Cap. The dependent variable is the variable that changes in response to the independent variable. A conclusory label used by the common law to refer to a cause that intervenes between the defendant's behavior and a given result such that it is still fair to hold the defendant responsible for the result. No. If the intervening cause is dependent on the defendant’s conduct, was it foreseeable or unforeseeable? Although he puts This is by definition very rare. For example, security guard firing a pistol and injuring a bank employee because the defendant robbed the bank. To get the full experience of this website, department, and while there, Joe is shot and killed, Joe's being shot is an An intervening cause is an event that comes between an initial act and the result in a series of events, thereby changing what would have been the natural sequence of events connecting the initial act to the result. dependent intervening cause. The test of the sufficiency of an intervening… For example, there is an observed positive correlation between level of education and level of income, such that people with higher levels … That which in some… …   Black's law dictionary, cause — 1 n 1: something that brings about an effect or result the negligent act which was the cause of the plaintiff s injury ◇ The cause of an injury must be proven in both tort and criminal cases. 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