Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) is a long-living, coniferous tree characterized by its orange trunk.Globally, it is the most widely distributed pine and is found throughout all of Eurasia. [12], The bark is thick, scaly dark grey-brown on the lower trunk, and thin, flaky and orange on the upper trunk and branches. O piñeiro rubio ou piñeiro silvestre [2] (Pinus sylvestris L.) é unha árbore ximnosperma da familia das pináceas, de folla perenne.As acículas son moi curtas en comparación co piñeiro bravo (de 4 a 6 cm. Pinus Sylvestris ‘Norske Type’ Mellemhøjt stedsegrønt træ, som bliver 4-6 m højt og 2-3 m bredt. Trees in the far north of the range were formerly sometimes treated as var. For the United Baltic Corporation steamship, see, Species of conifer in the family Pinaceae. rhodopaea Svoboda Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2001) Pinus sylvestris var. Flora Norvegica av JE Gunnerus. pyrenaica Svoboda Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2001) Pinus sylvestris var. Attribution from: Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, RECOMMENDED HARDINESS ZONES: Populations in westernmost Scotland are genetically distinct from those in the rest of Scotland and northern Europe, but not sufficiently to have been distinguished as a separate botanical variety. På norsk og med kommentarer. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link in the footer of our emails. Historical and archaeological records indicate that it also occurred in Wales and England until about 300–400 years ago, becoming extinct there due to over-exploitation and grazing; it has been re-introduced in these countries. En høj, opretvoksende og bredkronet fyr, med en kraftig og åben vækst. [5][6][7][8], The species is mainly found on poorer, sandy soils, rocky outcrops, peat bogs or close to the forest limit. Pinus sylvestris 'Norske Typ' Сосна звичайна 'Норске Тіп' інші назви: шотландська сосна, 'Норскі Тіп' Характеристики Skovfyr. Nåle: 4-8 cm lange blågrønne nåle som blive siddende i 2-3 år. It was present in Ireland over 8,800 years ago but absent from Wales at that time which suggests that the pine in Ireland had a separate Iberian origin or contained surviving populations, although evidence towards its survival is lacking. It was replaced by large areas of blanket bog in western Scotland and Ireland though the reasons for its decline and extinction in England are not clear, but it may have been influenced by human activities. nana Carrière ... Jørgensen PM, Weidemann E, Fremstad E. (2016). [5][6][8][15][16][17][18][19][20][21], Pinus sylvestris is the only pine native to northern Europe, forming either pure forests or mixed with Norway spruce, common juniper, silver birch, European rowan, Eurasian aspen and other hardwood species. [23] Pine expanded into Scotland between 8,000 and 8,500 years ago either from an independent refuge, from Scandinavia (via Doggerland) or from Ireland. It has been speculated that it may have survived wild long enough for trees used in cultivation in England to derive from native (rather than imported) sources. This is one of the “classic” old-world, 2-needled, hard pines. The timber from it is also called red deal or yellow deal, the name "deal" being adopted from the dimensional format term for a plank. [4], Pinus sylvestris is an evergreen coniferous tree growing up to 35 m in height[10] and 1 m trunk diameter when mature,[11] exceptionally over 45 metres (148 ft) tall and 1.7 metres (5 ft 7 in) trunk diameter on very productive sites, the tallest on record being a more than 210-year-old tree growing in Estonia which stands at 46.6 m (152 ft 11 in). 2, is commonly known as Scots pine; as well as Бял бор (Byal bor / white pine) in the Bulgarian language; as 歐洲赤松 (Ōuzhōu chìsōng) in Chinese; as borovice lesní in Czech; as skovfyr in Danish; as grove den in Dutch; as pin sauvage in … [7][8][13][25] Whether it truly became extinct in England is unknown. The cone scales have a flat to pyramidal apophysis (the external part of the cone scale), with a small prickle on the umbo (central boss or protuberance). Mørkegrønne nåle og 6-10 cm store kogler. Pinus sylvestris is an important tree in forestry. It is the national tree of Scotland.[27]. Commercial plantation rotations vary between 50 and 120 years, with longer rotations in northeastern areas where growth is slower. [6][34] The pines may be killed by the pine wood nematode, which causes pine wilt disease. Iglice. [24], In Britain it now occurs naturally only in Scotland. laponica - Suedia, norvegia, Finalanda, nord-vestul Rusiei; Pinus sylvestris var. [5][7], Over 100 Pinus sylvestris varieties have been described in the botanical literature, but only three or four are now accepted. Eurasian jatorria du, baina banaketa muga Iberiar penintsulan topatzen duenez bertan ez da oso espezie ugaria. ISBN 978-82-8322-077-3. Frøet er festet til en klype på frøvingen. Overcutting for timber demand, fire, overgrazing by sheep and deer, and even deliberate clearance to deter wolves have all been factors in the decline of this once great pine and birch forest. Despite its invasiveness in parts of eastern North America, the pine does not often grow well there, partly due to climate and soil differences between its native habitat and that of North America, and partly due to damage by pests and diseases; the tree often grows in a twisted, haphazard manner if not tended to (as they are in the Christmas tree trade). Cretacea Kalenicz. Pinus sylvestris, Scots pine (UK), Scotch pine (US), European red pine[2][3], or Baltic pine[4] is a species of tree in the pine family Pinaceae that is native to Eurasia, ranging from Western Europe to Eastern Siberia, south to the Caucasus Mountains and Anatolia, and north to well inside the Arctic Circle in Fennoscandia. Pinus sylvestris var. Pinus sylvestris là một loài thực vật hạt trần trong họ Thông. subgenus Pinus, section, Pinus, subsection Pinus. In central and southern Europe, it occurs with numerous additional species, including European black pine, mountain pine, Macedonian pine, and Swiss pine. ORIGIN: Genera Species Pinus Sylvestris L. Var. [7][13], Additionally, the Scots pine is the plant badge of Clan Gregor. It was used to fortify the tunnelling and preferred for its cracking sound when in need of replacing. (ed.). Skovfyr (Pinus sylvestris L.) er et op til 30 meter højt nåletræ, der findes i nåleskove, fortrinsvis på tør, mager bund.Den findes spredt over det meste af Danmark og er hjemmehørende, selvom den i dag kun findes dyrket eller forvildet i Danmark. Seedlings up to one year old bear juvenile leaves; these are single (not in pairs), 2–3 cm (3⁄4–1 1⁄4 in) long, flattened, with a serrated margin. (1999). B., Westfall, R. D., & Forrest, G. I. [5][7][13], The seed cones are red at pollination, then pale brown, globose and 4–8 mm (5⁄32–5⁄16 in) diameter in their first year, expanding to full size in their second year, pointed ovoid-conic, green, then grey-green to yellow-brown at maturity, 3–7.5 cm (1 1⁄8–3 in) long. 3 (-30 to -40 F / -34.4 to -40 C), HORTICULTURAL STATUS: RHS Accepted Genus Asch. Enjoy access to exclusive content, Conifer Database, garden visits, Conifer Q&A Forums, nursery tours with member discounts on unusual cultivars, scholarships for hort students and more. Noteworthy Characteristics. Beskrivelse af Pinus sylvestris Form: Skovfyr er et stort oftest enstammet træ op til 20-30 m højt, åben grenbygning, som ældre uregelmæssig skærmagtig krone. Skovfyren genkendes let på sin kombination af relativt korte, blågrønne nåle og orange-rød bark. 2, is commonly known as Scots pine; as well as Бял бор (Byal bor / white pine) in the Bulgarian language; as 歐洲赤松 (Ōuzhōu chìsōng) in Chinese; as borovice lesní in Czech; as skovfyr in Danish; as grove den in Dutch; as pin sauvage in French; as waldkiefer in German; as pino silvestre in Italian; as furu in Norwegian; as Сосна обыкновенная (Sosna obyknovennaya) in Russian; and as pino silvestre in Spanish. In Scandinavian countries, the pine was used for making tar in the preindustrial age. [1] – na bazi osobenosti šišarke, sjemenki i listova (iglica). Biological Flora of the British Isles: Pinus sylvestris L. Rick Steves Scotland (second edition) By Rick Steves, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T42418A2978732.en, "U.S. foreign trade statistics: classifications and cross ..., Volume 1", "Response of Nitrogen Metabolism in Masson Pine Needles to Elevated CO2", "Architectural Timber: History and Conservation", European Forest Genetic Resources Programme, "Scots Pine: Best Management Practices in Ontario", "Eesti kõrgeim mänd osutus hiiglaseks ka ülejäänud maailmas", "Красная Книга России | Red Book of Russia. The far north of the “ classic ” old-world, 2-needled, hard pines Garden Edinburgh ( 2001 Pinus! Specimens in Sweden and Norway just over 700 years som blive siddende 2-3., species of conifer in the preindustrial age Stephan, b. R. ( 1994 ) furuslekten! The eastern part of its range, it develops a broad, parasol-shaped crown grows... Can expect 10-year growth potential of about 3 feet by 3 feet ( 1m tall and wide ) Pinus... 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