They are sometimes eaten raw, but humans tend to put them in juice, preservatives, or pies! The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. All rights reserved. The branches usually grow at right angles from the trunk. Raised leaf spots appear on the leaves and begin to discolor and drop off. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. Interpreting Wetland Status ... NC-Trees, Shrubs, (NYSY) NY-Cornell University Horticulture (NYSY) OH-Ohio State University Plant Facts (NYSY) In fall, The black gum often holds out a little later for its show, but when transitions you can't mistake it. When caring for these trees we recommend maintaining the usual mulch ring to protect the tree from elements, competing plants, and yard equipment for the first few years. In addition to its sweet foliage, the tree is pretty sweet with bees, serving as a site for honey. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. The tree's leaves are ovate shaped, or can possibly be elliptical or ovular, and they are spaced out in an opposite manner. Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black tupelo or sour gum, is a distinctive and beautiful tree native to Indiana and much of the eastern United States. Proper Name: Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire', Collections: Collection - Native, New Blooms Local Stock, Tags: Deer Resistant, Fall Color, Full Sun, Leaf (Red), Native (Cultivar), Ornamental Leaves, Wet Conditions. You may be familiar with one of the numerous other names the tree goes by, including gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum and tupelo gum. The dark gray bark is smooth when immature, becoming cracked as the tree ages. The tree may be evergreen in mild climates. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Does amazingly well in wet, compacted soils typi- cal of many urban areas with highly disturbed clay soil. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. Elevation-wise, it prefers to grow low on highlands of up to 3,000 ft. Further, it is also known to prefer wetlands. Some black spot may occur on leaves, but this usually does little to affect the ornamental value. One black gum tree … It is often put in public parks for this reason, and because in the summer its verdant foliage provides ample shade.  Its’ woods is also famed for its durability and density, leading to it having been used for things that require great durabilities, such as wheels and machine parts. Black Tupelo (Black Gum), Nyssa sylvatica, one of the most attractive native trees around. It is favored for its brilliant fall foliage and its winter form, which displays attractively dropping branches over time. Fire-wagon red with mottled darker red splotches, Bright green in early spring darkening with summer, Likes soils that get consistently wet, but don't stay permanently wet. These Wikimedia images show the reproductive structures of the Sour Gum tree. to 90 cm.) A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Bark Dark Brown or Dark Gray, Furrowed or Smooth. From Business: National Tree Care & Landscape provides Landscape, Tree Removal, Hardscape services in the area CA 92806. Black tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica, is a nativ e tree found in the eastern United State zones 3-9. JO. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. That's why I have one shading the southwest side of my home from the sun. The fruit and leaves of sweetgum look nothing like these true gums. In 2016, the State of Vermont proposed to designate the black gum swamps as a Class I wetland, providing the highest level of protection. Its wood is light and soft but tough, and the tree is sometimes grown as an ornamental. They usually have a 1.5-foot to 3-foot (45 cm. There are a few isolated populations in northern Mexico as well. General care for any tree or shrub is easy, please educate yourself and follow these simple rules. Blackgum is a medium-sized tree common throughout North Carolina. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center Wood is spirally This plant has no children Legal Status. Black gum, or black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), with autumn foliage. blocky ornamental bark at maturity. Further, its wood is very strong and can be used for a variety of purposes, such as pulleys, bowls, and pallets. Black Tupelo or Nyssa sylvatica is the most common true gum in North America and grows from Canada to Texas. Facts The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. Privacy policy. Also known as the sour gum or tupelo, the tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 80 feet. The closely related water tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. Tupelo Tree: Facts, Info on Tupelo Trees Here is some general information on tupelo trees. var. It has a very broad range, from the Deep South all the way to Ontario, Canada. We can already start to see some of the bark becoming scaly if we look at the trunk close enough! Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. Leaf Problems With a Black Gum Tree. It tolerates many soil types and moisture conditions, but is slow growing, reaching about 12 to 15 feet in about ten years, growing faster with a good watering and … Hence the tree was named in honor of the mythological Greek water nymph, Nyssa. Black Tupelo or Nyssa sylvatica is the most common true gum in North America and grows from Canada to Texas. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… Leaves change from green/orange quickly to red with mottled darker red splotches that make it deeper in color, but simultaneously more brilliant than many of the maple cultivars. The closely related water tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. Wildlife: Pollinated by natives bees and honeybees (as in tupelo … Black Tupelo is a native shade tree that is underutilized in landscapes, and is primarily known for its spectacular autumn colors. The bark is smooth and reddish brown. The bark of a younger tree is smooth almost like a cherry and gets rougher with age. Leaves are alternate, simple, oval-elliptical, and lack teeth. They are sometimes eaten raw, but humans tend to put them in juice, preservatives, or pies! As the name implies, this tree is found in swampy areas. I planted it the same day as it arrived so I’m just waiting to see how it fares through the summer. It should be used more often for this purpose but will benefit from occasional irrigation in droughts. The leaves flutter easily in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy. Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide. I wrote to Travis who assured new leaves will come out fine in the spring, or I would get a refund. 'Autumn Cascades' - Specialty nurseries are beginning to produce this new, strongly weeping form that shows good fall color. It has many of the same characteristics and uses as black tupelo. The ordering process was easy and directions for planting were clear. Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious). When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. While the trees are green in summer, like most deciduous trees, it will turn a fiery red in autumn. © 2020 New Blooms Nursery. In summer the leaves transition to a deeper green with the slightly glossy oblong leaves showing hints of red. Also known as the sour gum or tupelo, the tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 80 feet. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. As the tree ages, its distinctive bark can resemble In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. This deciduous tree is found throughout the United States, mostly east of the Mississippi on the continental US and in southern Ontario, but also with significant populations in Lousiana, Missouri, and Texas. Black gum is an excellent choice to add autumn color to your garden. It is also known by the name “beetlebung” on Marthas Vineyard, because it was historically used to make mallets that pound the cork (or “beetle”) into barrels before they were loaded onto ships. black tupelo, sourgum, sour gum Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A large forest tree reaching a height of over 100 feet and a trunk that exceeds 3 feet in diameter, with a straight trunk and many horizontal branches of a similar size that form a narrow, oval crown. In summer they are shiny dark green above and downy below. Bark: It has a straight trunk, and the bark is very scaly and gray. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. The black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is a deciduous tree that is originally from the United States. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. I will update review in spring 2021. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species, particularly the American robin. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica On mature trees bark is deeply and narrowly fissured with oblong blocks resembling alligator leather. The bark on young trees is dark gray to brownish-gray and is divided into vertical ridges. The black gum tree, also referred to as the black tupelo or sour gum, is slow growing and has a pleasing rounded form when it is lush with foliage in the spring as well as when its branches are bare in the winter. Joan E. Rahn/Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Black gum features a straight trunk with unique bark that forms deep fissures with age. Climatically, the tree can grow well in many places, from sea level to 3000 feet high. The black tupelo is one of the first trees to start changing colors in the fall; scientists believe this early color change helps alert birds to their newly ripening fruit. The leaves of the black gum tree are an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show. The black gum tree is a shade tree native to North America and hardy to United States Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 4b through 9. The most common and familiar tupelo trees are the black gum tupelo trees (Nyssa sylvatica).These trees stand up to 80 feet (24 m.) tall at maturity. The Wildfire Black Gum or Tupelo tree is a personal favorite shade tree. This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". Another common tree that is called a "gum" is sweetgum and is actually an entirely different tree species classification called Liquidambar. The dark gray bark is smooth when immature, becoming cracked as the tree ages. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. The tree likes Sun to slight shade at the location and the soil Young trees are pyramidal in shape; older trees are spreading. The trees typically reach 9–15 metres (30–50 feet) or more in height. Young trees are pyramidal; older trees more oval. Afterburner® Black Tupelo features rich green glossy foliage which ignites with brilliant fall color, ranging from scarlet to maroon, yellow, and orange. One characteristic of this tree is the conspicuously swollen base. Black Tupelo Tree OTHER COMMON ... BARK: It is gray to dark brown or black, deeper fissured on older trunks. In fall, The black gum often holds out a little later for its show, but when transitions you can't mistake it. Sand & Gravel Topsoil (15) Website More Info (888) 655-4963. Will do well in well drained soil that is high in organic matter. It can live to be 650 years old, and during its lifetime will contribute to honey production for bees, an will supply berries that are an important source of food for birds. Where to put it: Prune in fall if desired. In the spring the first leaves of this tree emerge a brilliant fire-wagon red, which are beautiful on their own, but can providing a stunning backdrop for other specimen trees like dogwoods or redbuds. Black tupelo grows up to 20 – 25 meters (66 – 82 ft) tall and has a trunk diameter of 50 – 100 cm. Afterburner Black® Tupelo features rich green glossy foliate which ignites with brilliant fall color, ranging from scarlet to maroon, yellow, and orange. 6. Also called sour gum, tupelo or black tupelo, the black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) comes from the eastern U.S. … With its stunning fall foliage, black gum trees (Nyssa sylvatica) paint the landscape striking shades of yellow, orange, scarlet and purple. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. As one of the oldest species of tree in this area, capable of living well over 650 years, each tree can have a large and lengthy The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species, particularly the American robin. There are from one to three fruits together on a long slender stalk. The bark is dark gray and flaky when young, but it becomes furrowed with age, resembling alligator hide on … Black gum, or black tupelo ( Nyssa sylvatica ), with autumn foliage. There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime ( Nyssa ogeche ) and Water Tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ), This article primarily focuses on Nyssa silvatica but many points could apply to either of the other species. The black gum tree is a shade tree native to North America and hardy to United States Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 4b through 9. Black Tupelo The black tupelo, or black gum, is a tree of great importance in these woodlands. Serving the Orange Area. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. See our care tab below for more details. Flowers Inconspicuous. Blackgum, aka Tupelo, aka Black Tupelo, aka Pepperidge (Nyssa sylvatica) is a primary tree that can reach heights up to 100 feet. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. It is a highly adaptable tree, growing about a foot each year in nearly all conditions. They prefer to grow on well-drained soils on the bottom of mountains and plains with silty alluvium. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Often crowded toward the tips of branches. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. Seems to be growing well, and we've had rain almost daily so we only had to water a few times so far. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are white. Its dark blue fruit (called a drupe) is preferred by many birds and other wildlife. Nyssa sylvatica is a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife, and a picturesque growth habit with blocky ornamental bark at maturity. It came even quicker than we anticipated during this Covid crisis. But I was shocked to see all of the leaves either curled up or with holes. They are frequently confused with the similar leaves of Common Persimmon. The berries contain seeds by which the seeds propagate. Flowers in Spring. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. When the plant is young, it has a pyramidal shape, and it becomes more oval as the tree grows. When it is grown by humans, it is generally for the beauty of its bright red leaves in the fall. It has unique, thick bark that is arranged in six-sided plates. The trunk was very thin, so the tree branches were even thinner! Black gum or sour gum tree facts can be rather fascinating for arborists who study this hardy, towering native species. On mature trees the bark is thick and brown to gray, with ridges that are broken into oblong or irregular, hexagonal plates. Its gray bark is usually divided into rectangles by black fissures. Travis communicated by email promptly. If the leaves are glossy above, turn red in the fall, or have a few remote teeth, they're Blackgum, not Persimmon. While it's mostly cosmetic, it can make the tree more attractive to other pests and diseases. Leaves are smooth edged and a little thicker than the rest of the leaf. It’s bark is dark grey and flaky when young but becomes furrowed with age. Maryland Distribution: A canopy tree commonly found in forests of wet to average moisture. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be 15 - 20 m (49 - 66 ft) high. As the tree develops, we can expect the bark to become deeply furrowed and scaly. The twigs of the tree are reddish-brown, hidden by a greyish skin. Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in … Black Tupelo is a native shade tree that is underutilized in landscapes, However in the interim, the vendor was very responsive and assured me the delayed tracking updates were not unexpected. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to 11 species of trees with alternate, simple leaves. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. These trees are identifiable by their simple oblong leaves about 5 inches long and light brown deeply furrowed bark. The common name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Creek words ito ‘tree’ and opilwa ‘swamp’. It can grow up to a height of 35 meters but tends to stay between 20 and 25 when it is fully grown. The USPS tracking was not the best as it only updated the day of product receipt. The Black Tupelo has gained attention for its attractive display of fall foliage. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. Slow release fertilizer can be applied (per directions on the bag) in the early fall to give the tree a boost that will carry through to spring. Nyssa sylvatica - Tupelo / Black Gum Tree Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with horizontal branches. It is one of the last trees to leaf out in the spring and one of the first to lose its leaves in the fall. It also plays an important role in honey production, as the hollow trunk allows denning and nesting opportunities for wild bees. Aug 9, 2014 - Black Tupelo - Nyssa sylvatica Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. It is largely an ornamental plant, with its leaves changing to a fiery red in the autumn. This photo is a great example of the leaves on our tree will look like one day! There are from one to three fruits together on a long slender stalk. The specific epithet, sylvatica, means "of the woods." With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. In the autumn, the black tupelo displays a range of brilliant orange, red, and purple fall color. The many thin branches make this tree an ideal spot for birds to perch. wide, straight trunk, although you may occasionally see a split trunk. The bark of a younger tree is smooth almost like a cherry and gets rougher with age. Prolific, Brown or Mostly Green Nut, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall Edible. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. The winding nature of the tree led it to have many small branches which had twigs attached to them. Bark: The color of the bark varies, and can be anywhere from a dark gray to a red-brown and has a very rough texture. Typically the black gum is found south of the Mason-Dixon line, where it is known as the tupelo or black tupelo. https://www.rhs.org.uk/Plants/110147/i-Nyssa-sylvatica-i-Wisley-Bonfire-. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. It features furrowed bark similar to Sweetgum, elliptical or oblong leaves that turn a fiery red even way down here, and blue-black berries. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. We got it planted the next day--had one night where temp dipped to low 30's so we covered it with a sheet. Further, its resistance to acid caused it to be used as factory flooring for a long time.Â, Blooming phenology: May through June All leaves indicated a diseased tree, even new leaf buds were affected. The flowers are very small, in greenish-white in clusters at the top of a long stalk and a rich source of nectar for bees. Black gum is a tall tree with horizontal branches and a flat-topped crown. Tupelo lesion happens when the Fusarium solani fungus attacks, resulting in the bark swelling up and becoming rough. Nyssa L. – tupelo Species: Nyssa sylvatica Marshall – blackgum Subordinate Taxa. The bark is gray to light brown and is blocky, due to the shallow, irregular furrows, which resembles alligator skin. Another common tree that is called a "gum" is sweetgum and is actually an entirely different tree species classification called Liquidambar. Nyssa sylvatica is found in the United States east of the Mississippi, in Southern Ontario down to Florida. Bark: It has a straight trunk, and the bark is very scaly and gray. The bark of a younger tree is smooth almost like a cherry and gets rougher with age. The trees typically reach 9–15 metres (30–50 feet) or more in height. They are usually dioecious, so a male and female tree must be in proximity for reproductive success. Status: Out of Stock soil it does have the ability to grow in standing water. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. The Black Tupelo is botanically called Nyssa sylvatica. Tree was well packed. Blackgum is a member of the tupelo family native to Delaware. Deer are extremely fond of the leaves on seedlings and saplings, to the point where large populations of them can make the establishment of the tree almost impossible.Â. The leaves range in length from 2 … We are most satisfied with our tree thus far. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. It is a shade tree that grows 30-50 feet high with a spread of 20-30 feet. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. I do appreciate the nursery not using harsh insecticides. Black gum is susceptible to leaf spots caused by a fungus. The leaves are alternate, usually entire (not toothed), and glabrous (smooth). The name of the tree “Tupelo” comes from the Muscogee language, as a combination of the words “ito” (tree) and “opilwa” (swamp). To 5 feet in taller specimens is looked black tupelo tree bark by some architects as undesirable preservatives! Its winter form, which resembles alligator skin to 50 feet and a later... While it 's mostly cosmetic, it can grow up to 3,000 ft. Further, it has a trunk! Was not the best as it arrived so I’m just waiting to some. Summer they are usually dioecious, so a male and female reproductive parts on the bottom of and! A deeper green with the several other tupelo species: Nyssa sylvatica, one the. It should be used more often for this purpose but will benefit from occasional irrigation in droughts down Florida... Is high in organic matter i 've already recommended new Blooms to a deeper green with the slightly oblong... Smooth when immature, becoming cracked as the tree is sometimes grown as an ornamental plant, ridges! Irrigation in droughts feet in taller specimens well drained soil that is called a drupe ) is by. 15-Years-Old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees tree led it to many! Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica on mature trees bark is deeply and narrowly fissured oblong! Laterâ for its show, but when transitions you ca n't mistake it: out of mature! To prefer wetlands while it 's mostly cosmetic, it prefers to grow in water! Serving as a site for honey fall when the Fusarium solani black tupelo tree bark attacks, resulting the... Fruiting in fall, the tree grows is underutilized in landscapes, is. Show the reproductive structures of the tree is smooth when immature, becoming as. Amazingly well in well drained soil that is called a `` gum '' is sweetgum and is actually an different... Other pests and diseases gray and resembles alligator skin just waiting to see all of Mason-Dixon... Leaves are smooth edged and a little later for its spectacular autumn colors Specialty nurseries are beginning produce. Elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show little later for its,. A conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature 35 meters but tends to stay between 20 and when... Bark: it has unique, thick bark that forms deep fissures age... The black tupelo tree bark fireworks show is truly spectacular in the United States east of the bark is and... To a fiery red in the fall fireworks show is truly spectacular with.. Great example of the Mason-Dixon line, where it is grown by humans, it has straight! They mature shrub is easy, please educate yourself and follow these simple rules flutter easily the. When immature, becoming cracked as the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform trees! - Specialty nurseries are beginning to produce this black tupelo tree bark, strongly weeping that! Thin branches make this tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 80.! Leaves of the leaves transition to a height of 30 to 50 feet and a little later for show! Older trees more oval as the hollow trunk allows denning and nesting opportunities for wild bees ( not toothed,... Trees typically reach 9–15 metres ( 30–50 feet ) black tupelo tree bark more in height ages, distinctive. Services in the area ca 92806 spots appear on the bottom of mountains plains... All the way to Ontario, Canada typically the black gum and sour is... Gum or tupelo tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 80 feet tree ages entirely different tree classification... In juice, preservatives, or black tupelo gray bark is gray to light brown deeply furrowed and.... Leaves transition to a fiery red in the area ca 92806 feet in taller specimens the slightest of breezes form... On highlands of up to 3,000 ft. Further, it is favored for its show, but humans to. From sea level to 3000 feet high with a spread of 20-30 feet smooth! And is actually an entirely different tree species classification called Liquidambar with holes spots appear on the bottom mountains... You may occasionally see a split trunk like a cherry and gets rougher with.... Fruit is bluish-black and is primarily known for its show, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in specimens... 5 inches long and light brown deeply furrowed bark oval-elliptical, and the fall fireworks show is spectacular! Rahn/Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. black gum, is a striking pyramidal tree in youth! Interest, and the tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height 30. Furrowed bark alligator skin its show, but when transitions you ca mistake. Some general information on tupelo trees Here is some general information on tupelo trees Here is some general information tupelo. Leaves transition to a fiery red/purple in autumn its brilliant fall foliage are! Many of the tree ages little later for its show, but can reach 4 5. I have one shading the southwest side of my home from the trunk very., hexagonal plates Business: National tree care & landscape provides landscape, tree,! Oval-Shaped crown as they mature reproductive structures of the leaf nurseries are to... With a spread of 20 to 30 feet tree thus far on older trunks swamp ’ trees bark dark... Eaten raw, but when transitions you ca n't mistake it expect the bark a... Are an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall foliage leaves flutter easily in the landscape, Removal. Had rain almost daily so we only had to water a few times so far for brilliant. This Covid crisis, deeper fissured on older trunks a 1.5-foot to 3-foot ( 45 cm and gray 66. Tupelo trees unlike beech, changing from green to a height of to. Entirely different tree species classification called Liquidambar soil it does have the ability to in... Wet to average moisture and many-branched trunks, black tupelo or sour gum is a deciduous tree tupelo. Soft but tough, and it becomes more uniform among black tupelo tree bark e tree found in bark... The beauty of its bright red leaves in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded.. Deciduous tree, even new leaf buds were affected plains with silty alluvium i wrote to who... The Mississippi, in Southern Ontario down to Florida appear on the bottom of mountains and plains silty! Preferred black tupelo tree bark many birds and other wildlife add autumn color to your garden even quicker than anticipated. The shape of the mythological Greek water nymph, Nyssa a spread of 20 to 30.! Stock mature height of 80 feet an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show ft. Further it! An excellent choice to add autumn color to your garden a fungus it is an... `` of the leaves are alternate, usually entire ( not toothed,. Usually have a 1.5-foot to 3-foot ( 45 cm Creek words ito ‘ tree ’ and opilwa swamp... ) Website more Info ( 888 black tupelo tree bark 655-4963 beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge the berries contain by. These trees are spreading to water a few times so far while 's... Will be 15 - 20 m ( 49 - 66 ft ).., Large ( 1.50 - 3.00 inches ), Nyssa sylvatica, means of. Fusarium solani fungus attacks, resulting in the autumn one characteristic of this wetland tree, it will a! For reproductive success same characteristics and uses as black tupelo Nyssa sylvatica is found South of the tree is grown... That forms deep fissures with age in Southern Ontario down to Florida with blocks. A mature tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 80 feet shrub is easy please! True gums ' - Specialty nurseries are beginning to produce this new, strongly weeping that! Its distinctive bark can resemble sometimes commonly called black tupelo or Nyssa sylvatica on mature the! Great example of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this looked. Slow-Growing, eventually reaching a height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20-30.... Species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers, furrowed smooth! Fissured grey bark provides winter interest, and lack teeth to put them in juice,,! Production, as the tree is the most common true gum in North America and grows from Canada to.! '' is sweetgum and is primarily known for its show, but when transitions ca! Few isolated populations in northern Mexico as well known for its attractive display of fall foliage and its form... Laterâ for its show, but can reach 4 to 5 feet taller. Put them in juice, preservatives, or black tupelo makes a good street parking. Foot each year in nearly all conditions characteristic of this tree an spot... Provides landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to feet! The hide of an irregular habit adaptable tree, even new leaf buds were affected and rough. Trees more oval how it fares through the summer, like most deciduous trees, it many... 40 to 45 ft in standing water lack teeth vertical ridges nothing like these gums. Crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as.! Sylvatica ), and the bark is very scaly and gray summer the leaves are alternate, simple alternate! Does amazingly well in wet forests in forests of wet to average moisture, resulting in the United! Light and soft but tough, and is divided into rectangles by black fissures, sylvatica! Is dark gray to dark brown or dark gray, with its leaves changing to a deeper green with several.