Generally, a trademark can be owned by an individual, a company, or any sort of legal entity. Security involving the privacy of a user's data is always one of the main concerns while doing business online. 10. How can national laws apply to activities in cyberspace? Privacy & Cookies Policy, IT Infrastructure and Application Security, Ease the “Full-Stack Pressure” with Laravel Livewire, Comparative Analysis of ML Models for Fraud Detection, Generating Malayalam Word Embeddings: A Case Study, NLP Libraries for Malayalam Sentence Tokenization: An Exploratory Study, Jetpack Compose—A Modern Declarative UI Toolkit for Android. And if these issues are not taken care of in time, they can lead to serious problems for your business. . When someone else tries to use that trademark (e.g., your distinctive name or logo) without authorisation, it could be considered an illegal dilution of the distinctive trademark. The tracking history is stored on your PC’s hard disk, and any time you revisit a website, the computer knows it. Greenspan, Robyn "Downloaders Disregard Legal, Copyright Issues", http://www.internetnews.com, August 1, 2003. Figure 1. In Australia many bills and acts have been passed to resolve legal issues and make electronic transaction more authenticated, such as the Electronic Transaction Act (ETA). Data theft is a hot topic these days, especially in the eCommerce/retail space. Worldwide E-Commerce Revenue, 2000 & 2004 (as a % share of each country/region) 6 Figure 2. If the computer does not work when you take it home, and the store refuses to settle up, then you can probably take the dispute to your local small claims court. The availability of e-mails and pop up ads has paved the way for financial criminals to have access to many people. Although respecting consumer privacy rights is a legal requirement, it also represents good business practice. Approximately 100 countries now enjoy Internet access, and a recent survey reported that there are approximately 20 million Internet hosts worldwide. (a) Explain in detail Electronic Data Interchange and how it is useful in implementation of E-Commerce? Governments are developing legislation to support and strengthen the privacy protection measures of many businesses. my site something like that. (2002). Analysis of log file means turning log data into application service or installing software that can pluck relevant information from files in-house. Most of the legal issues surrounding electronic commerce are not new. Thank you,Lashawn. The power of the Web to reach the world carries with it a variety of legal issues, often related to intellectual property concerns, copyright, trademark, privacy, etc., particularly in the context of doing business on the Internet. Napster, MP3 Providers). If someone uses a trademark in such a way as to dilute the distinctive quality of the mark or trade on the owner's reputation, the trademark owner may seek damages. All Rights Reserved. But on the other end, IT had given birth to different issues which can ultimately results in crime. In order for a digital signature to attain the same legal status as an ink-on-paper signature, asymmetric key cryptology must have been employed in its production (Blythe, 2006). Electronic transactions separate e-business from traditional types of businesses. There is a chance of a crime over the internet when buyers and sellers do not know each other and cannot even see each other. The various models in the E-Governance scenario are: • Government-to-Consumer (G2C) model: In this model, the government transacts with an individual consumer. During the last couple of years, new laws have passed in some countries to ensure effective protection and enforcement of rights in the digital era. At the moment, most online privacy policies are produced by private businesses for individual companies. He added that it is difficult to establish uniform worldwide laws for e-commerce, but some building block legislation within individual countries is necessary. post to my website? Many employees don’t want to be under the monitoring system even while at work. Why can't I get the printer friendly version in stead of te text cut of? Can privacy and data protection exist on the Web? In traditional and online trading environments, consumers are entitled to have their privacy respected. Every organisation should be very careful while applying terms and conditions for the electronic transaction for Internet users. "Its the World's Biggest Copy Machine," PC Week, January 27, 1997. For example, reserving railway tickets for their personal journey purpose can be tracked. A privacy issue related to the employees of company is tracking. The industry has matured and has seen the entry of many new players in the market. Share of B2B and B2C E-Commerce in Total Global E-Commerce (2000 and 2004) 10 Figure 3. Other areas of potential fraud include phantom business opportunities and bogus investments. Who has the authority to apply law over the transaction? Moreover, CD burners and portable MP3 players allow copyright violations to occur rather easily. Internet addresses are known as domain names and they appear in levels. The laws of the world's jurisdiction still apply when you surf the Net: the only difference is that the way they might apply. Electronic Commerce, Eleventh Edition 7-3 Teaching Tips The Legal Environment of Electronic Commerce 1. "Law, Ethics and Cyber Crime" Prentice Hall 2003. We click on a related site, go into that site, buy the required merchandise by adding it to our cart, enter our credit card details and then expect delivery within a couple of days. E-commerce fraud popped out with the rapid increase in popularity of websites. (CSO has a good summary of the 18 biggest data breaches of the 21st century.) E-Commerce Legal Issues. The Impact of Electronic Commerce on Business E-Commerce and E-Business are not solely the Internet, … There are four key technological trends responsible for these ethical issues: i. Without knowing which particular set of laws apply, it's impossible to know whom to sue. The phenomenon by which Intermediaries, who provide mainly matching and providing information services are eliminated is called Disintermediation. Security features such as authentication, non-repudiation and escrow services can protect the sellers in e-commerce. Who should be forced to follow the rules? E-commerce has a tremendous impact on copyright and related issues, and the scope of copyrights is affecting how e-commerce evolves. The ethics in e-commerce is very important as the unethical or oppressive behaviour of a business entity may ruin the balance of the market. If you are a business owner in the tourism industry, you should keep the legal aspects of e-commerce in mind when deciding to sell your services or products online (such as allowing online bookings, for example).In this situation, you are required to follow European legislation on e-commerce regulations. Western Australia Dept of Industry and Resources, http://www.law.gov.au/www/securitylawHome.nsf/, 4. the bargained-for exchange of something valuable, such as money, property, or future services ... BUS170 - Chapter 7 - The Environment of Electronic Commerce: … Thank you! Major issues regarding the legalization of electronic transactions include the following. Barr, David D. "The Need of a Broad Standard in Global E-Commerce" The Internet Law Journal, Dec. 26, 2000, 6. The Legal Environment of Electronic Commerce • All businesses must comply with the same laws and regulations and face the same set of penalties • Web businesses face additional complicating factors – Web extends reach beyond traditional boundaries • Subject to more laws more quickly than brick -and-mortar business Email . With no law at all, however, the Internet would be no place to conduct business or pleasure. Internet fraud and its sophistication have grown even faster than the Internet itself. For example, if you buy a laptop in your local computer store, you know your legal rights. Between the two all-or-nothing extremes lies a broad spectrum of possibilities . The issue of law on the Internet is a complex one. Let’s list some of the ethical issues spawned with the growing field of e-commerce. The technological basis of e-commerce is basically Web client/server middleware, or what is called three-tier architectures. (ii) Value added services such as consulting. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Ubiquity, Volume 2004 Issue February | BY M. Ali Nasir, Full citation in the ACM Digital Library When a transaction that takes place between two different parties located in two different countries goes wrong then a number of complex questions arise. Legal & Ethical Issues in E-Business. The number of Internet users is currently estimated to be in the region of 100 million people . Therefore businesses have to give the customer first their guarantee, and second peace of mind, that the information passed over is of no risk to any invading eyes. Source: Ubiquity, Volume 4, Issue 49, February 11 - 17, 2004, [Home] [About Ubiquity] [The Editors], information provided in a detailed form.....thanks, ��� Neville Mohammed, Wed, 12 Jul 2017 14:47:37 UTC. For example, if you buy software you have the right to use it and not the right to distribute it. lesson introduction to introduction in the past few years, enterprises across the globe have experienced significant changes in their business information ... “E-Commerce Ethical and Legal Issues”, fairly engaging and also the blog post was a wonderful read. I personally believe this posting , “E-Commerce Ethical Internet environment is dynamic and growing and it is facing lot of ethical, legal and regulatory issues. Even the electronic transfer of land is covered, "Importantly, the Act is similar in all material respects to those operating both in other States and at the Federal level, so people can be confident that electronic transactions carry the same legal weight nationwide," states Jim McGinty, Attorney General for Western Australia . The judge determined that it was technically impossible for Somm to close the illegal newsgroups in question . In McGinty's words," This is why it is crucial that we ensure the legal infrastructure around cyberspace is beyond doubt" . (a) Explain the following terms ? The distribution rights are with the copyright holder. Tweet . Wow! The business must ensure that it displays the terms and condition/policies within its site. Lack of Verification Measures. Legal Issues in e-Commerce By: Saifullah Khan - Managing Partner S.U.Khan Associates Corporate & Legal Consultants (Islamabad – Pakistan) ... • Double tax treaties are based either on OECD or UN model treaties. Updated September 26, 2017. Older technologies such as photocopying, recording and taping are bound by rules and regulations regarding quantity, content, quality and time constraints. Following in the footsteps of the CompuServe's case, Yahoo is arguing that it would be technically impossible to block only French citizens from access to its online auctions if should the auctions contain objectionable items. 8. 1. Defining rules and regulations for the advertisement of the site by placing banners on other known sites is another. For more details about secure e-Commerce business solutions, contact us. The downloading population has grown by approximately 5 million users since February of 2001  "Ultimately, the music industry's war on illegal downloading can never be won" say Charles Shoniregun . This paper provides an overview of some of the legal issues and related problems in e-commerce. Many smart end users install programs such as Cookie cutters, Spam Butcher, etc which can provide users some control over the cookies. New forms of E-Commerce that enables new business practices have many advantages but also bring numerous risks. Many people revel in the freedom to express themselves and the freedom from prohibitions such as zoning restrictions that the Internet apparently affords. E-Commerce has the ability to provide secure shopping transactions coupled with instant verification and validation of credit card transactions. Let’s discuss about the ethical and legal issues related to e-business. There are various consumer protection issues in e -commerce, including: unfair commercial practices unfair … Privacy policies and procedures should be clearly explained to customers. Many attempts have been made to address the issues related to copyrights on digital content. In legal terms, this is called a “nexus,” and each state defines nexus differently. E-commerce provides a qualitively different challenge to tax regimes. You must implement strategies that follow rules and regulations enforced by government. The factors that should be considered here are the enormous number of participants, extensive information processing, delicate negotiations, etc. This can be done with or without the individual’s knowledge by using different … The middle tier is the Web server, often with transaction processing. Electronic Commerce Prentice Hall © 2006 24 Free Speech Versus Censorship and Other Legal Issues • The Tax-Exemption Debate – The Internet Tax Freedom Act 1(998) sought to promote e-commerce through tax incentives, by barring any new state or local sales taxes on Internet transactions until October 2001 – The U.S. Congress extended the tax moratorium until 2006, giving it time to … Websites should provide the customers with choices regarding the use of their personal information, and incorporate security procedures to limit access to customer information by unauthorised parties. This is not appealing to the reader. Online Terms, Conditions, Policies and Laws. Learning Objectives Understand why e-commerce raises ethical, social, and political issues Recognize the main ethical, social, and political issues raised by e- commerce Identify a process for analyzing ethical dilemmas Understand basic concepts related to privacy Identify the practices of e-commerce companies that threaten privacy Describe the different methods used to protect online … For example, if you buy software you have the right to use it and not the right to distribute it. They need a computer mediator to be more predictable. Global companies have the responsibility to deal with some of the legal issues such as how to form contracts, abide by consumer protection laws, create privacy policies and protect databases. Share your requirements and we'll get back to you with how we can help. The ability to operate online has made many entities profitable. How will legal structure affect international transactions on the Internet? E-commerce presents a world of opportunity for doing businesses, reaching global markets and purchasing without leaving the home or office. Many people are not willing to disclose their personal information on the Web. Others are traditional issues applied to the Internet, such as copyright, contracts, consumer protection, privacy, taxation, regulated industries and jurisdiction. Here you interact with the seller (Amazon), exchange data in form of pictures, text, address for delivery etc. The first type of service (matching and providing information) can be fully automated, and this service is likely to be in e-marketplaces and portals that provide free services. Sayer, Peter and Deveaux, Sarah, "Jurisdiction in Cyberspace" IDG News Service Friday, July 28, 2000 see also http://www.pcworld.com, 3. The client tier is the Web browser involving some type of form processing. Customer information has to pass through several hands so security and privacy of the information are a major concern. He completed bachelor and master's degrees in computer science in Pakistan. Once a customer signs up in an e-commerce portal, the portal is … It is up to individuals to decide how much personal information they are willing to disclose and how it might be used. For example, the Electronic Communication and Transaction (ECT) Act facilitates the conclusion of most transactions and communications electronically by placing such transactions on an equal footing with traditional transactions or communications. If they do not, they face the same penalties – including fines, reparation payments, court-imposed dissolution, and even jail time for officers and … The brokers who provide value added services or who manage electronic intermediation (also known as infomediation), are not only surviving but may actually prosper, this phenomenon is called Reintermediation. During the first few years of e-commerce, the public witnessed many frauds committed over the internet. India is considered as a profitable market for these e-commerce businesses. Top 10 E-Retailers, 2001 26 List of Boxes Box 1. Some Web-based applications have enabled large-scale exploitation of music samples and audio formats. A top level name is qburst.com or microsoft.com. What are the boundaries of these acts? The name is self-explanatory, it is the meeting of buyers and sellers on the internet. Discuss. How does copyright apply to digital content? Electronic commerce (or e-commerce) has evolved over the years to become a major channel through which businesses can exchange goods and services, coordinate production and market to customers. The copyright laws protect Intellectual property in its various forms, and cannot be used freely. Rapid changes in technology do not allow enforcement of specific laws in cyberspace. What about fraud e-commerce websites? At times, people forget or do not consider the legal and ethical values of their procedures. The privacy laws of their host country affect overseas companies. ��� nathan, Tue, 28 Feb 2017 13:37:38 UTC, thanks for all the great help its helped a lot i needed this :). E-commerce is a popular term for electronic commerce or even internet commerce. He spent two years working at a software house and is currently studying Internet engineering at the University of East London. PART B – (5 X 16 = 80 marks) 11. ... E-commerce activity often involves collecting secure data such as names and phone numbers associated with email addresses. The competition over domain names is another legal issue. In traditional commerce, it's not easy to start a business. E-commerce is rapidly evolving, and businesses are trying to adapt to these changes. Old Economy Relationships vs. New Economy Relationships 20 Figure 4. The client tier is the Web browser involving some type of form processing. In the modern era of electronic technology, many people want to get their work done quickly with little effort. These initiatives are aimed at regulating the storage, use and disclosure by businesses of personal information. Will it restrict the potential growth of the Internet prematurely? Notable data breaches to retailers include Marriot, eBay, Target, Home Depot, Kmart, Staples, Sony and Michaels. Some of the ethical, social, and political issues raised in each of these areas include the following: The manner in which employees are treated may raise ethical issues, such as how to handle displacement and whether to offer retraining programs. Of funds and the freedom from prohibitions such as authentication, non-repudiation escrow. Now enjoy Internet access, and more with flashcards, games, a. The advertisement of the ethical and global issues of cyberspace is both technology and opportunity driven ). And B2C e-commerce in Total global e-commerce ( 16 ) 12 eBay, Target home! 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